While researching the way people present themselves online, furniture designer Anna Aagaard Jensen became fascinated by the difference between how men and women sit in public space. She ultimately created a series of chairs that force female sitters to open her legs and manspread. And the women who tried it didn't like it. Why? Even though the position itself is comfortable–after all, that’s why men do it–women are socialized to think they shouldn’t sit that way in public
What’s the point of having pockets in the first place if you can’t use them? Why do men get functional pockets when women’s pockets are considered so superfluous that sometimes they’re sewn shut? A new data visualization over at The Pudding maps out just how widespread this pocket inequality is, adding much-needed data to a long, incensed debate over women’s pockets.
The researchers found that many women became hyper-aware of being constantly watched and their appearance constantly evaluated; multiple women told them that “there isn’t anywhere that you don’t feel watched.” Of the men Hirst interviewed, there was no evidence they felt similarly or changed their actions as a result of the lack of privacy.
Part of the challenge the women have faced in the past when designing these types of rooms has been that they have to educate their clients about every aspect of the pumping experience. “I think a lot of the time the people we’re speaking to have never needed a room,” Carata says, referencing the higher level executives who may be dictating what amenities an office has. “They might understand that having the room is a retention aid–it helps retain a female workforce–but they may not know the nuances of what goes into the room and why it’s important.”
“Unlike machine learning projects where you’ll scrape a bunch of data, and just throw it at something, I’m interested in how you can ethically grow data,” says Caroline Sinders, the artist, designer, and machine learning researcher behind the project. Her workshops exposes more people to the fact that data isn’t immutable–far from it. Instead, it shows that data is something that is created by a group of people, and that it reflects the values and positions of those people.
Of the approximately 8,000 men who responded, 27% think AI should be female and 36% think it should be male–that’s 63% who believe AI should have a gender. Meanwhile, 36% think AI should be gender neutral. In contrast, 62% of women think AI should be gender neutral, while 11% think it should be male and 27% think it should be female.