As cities across Europe look to make transport greener, the overhaul is revealing gender issues as well. In auto-intensive Germany, men travel roughly double the distance by car compared with women, who are more likely to walk and take public transport. Urban planning, which has traditionally been dominated by male decision makers, is now under pressure to make networks less-focused around men commuting to work.
CityLab worked with urban sociologist Junia Howell to analyze where best metros for black women are located based on a ranked livability index. The index looks at inequities for black women in terms of income status, health conditions, and educational accomplishment. They also took the average values across all three of those categories to see how metros ranked for black women’s overall outcomes.
Females continue to be in more vulnerable positions when involved in frontal impact collisions—even when they wear a seatbelt. A new study revealed that the odds of serious injury or death for female car-crash victims is 73 percent higher than for males. The worst part is that after nearly a decade of research highlighting this safety disparity, no one has yet found the definitive answer as to why.
Public Practice could help to rectify this. Aimed at helping London build more inclusive spaces and kickstarting smarter solutions to the housing crisis, the first class of 17 in the program is also unusually diverse by British standards—over 70 percent are women, and around a quarter are black and minority ethnic.
While international coverage of gendered parking tends to criticize the spots’ patronizing pinkness and larger scale (which suggests, to some, lesser parking skills), Seoul residents appear to be less scandalized by the idea. The #MeToo movement against sexual violence has taken off in South Korea, and the Korean government promised in March to reassess the country’s sexual assault laws. Many see women’s parking as part of a larger effort to provide safer spaces. Early this year, for example, Seoul Metro installed “scream sensors”—designed to automatically detect cries for assistance—in women’s bathrooms in several subway stations.
The #BehindEveryGreatyCity campaign is not going to fix the gender pay gap or entrenched social norms. But it is a way to remind the Tube’s riders that behind every great city, and beside every man, women are living and breathing and moving steadily forward.
“When a young girl is acting out in a particular way, the system responds by saying, 'That's not how young girls should act. We're going to respond by getting the system involved,” whereas for a young boy, for instance, they may take the approach, “Boys will be boys, so we don't need to get involved,”’ said Eduardo Ferrer, of the Georgetown Juvenile Justice Initiative, who co-authored the report. That urge to overcorrect gets activated with particular gusto for girls of color—particularly black girls—who, data shows, have long been perceived as angrier, less innocent, less “ladylike,” and more sexually promiscuous.