One of the main themes in boys’ gender socialization is that they must prove their masculinity and thereby their worth. Moreover, they must do so continually because anyone, at any time, can call their masculinity into question.
Joe Fitzgerald Rodriguez / KQED
"I decided to take my horse out to the protest to kind of change the narrative of what's going on. I wanted to give the media something positive. A good, bright, positive image to focus on, as opposed to some of the destruction."
Meet Marisa Diaz, Rebecca Taylor, Veronica Guzman, Angelina Perez and Brittany Medina—who recently combined forces and created a game called Te Amo Mama, in which the gamer plays the role of a mother hen, guiding her baby chick through every obstacle-laden stage of life.
Sam Hartnett / KQED
In 1988, eyedrops that had been spiked with drain cleaner wrecked Aerial Gilbert's life in a an instant. Going blind cost her her job and her marriage, and she thought she'd have to give up her hobbies too. But her bees' buzzing tells her everything she needs to know.
The first congressional hearing in more than three decades on the Equal Rights Amendment was held Tuesday, with advocates and politicians attempting to revive the process to fully ratify it. The constitutional amendment was first proposed in 1923 by suffragist Alice Paul, and was approved by the House of Representatives in 1971 and the Senate the following year. It needed three-quarters of state legislatures, or 38 states, to back it. But by the 1982 deadline, only 35 had.
Miranda Leitsinger / KQED
The yoga community is struggling to rein in sexual misconduct and abuse in its ranks. Some experts say a lack of oversight adds to the problems of an industry where touch and trust are a fundamental part of the practice.
Rae Alexandra / KQED
Of the tiny fraction of airtime given to female athletes, nearly 82 percent of it is granted to basketball, which is probably why WNBA popularity has been on the increase since 2012. As long as women's sports are denied TV coverage, they are always going to be treated as fringe prospects by the organizations in charge of them.
Elizabeth Castillo / KQED
Only three out of every 10 lawmakers are now women. That means not only is California far behind neighboring Nevada, which became the first state with a majority of female legislators, it lags behind 19 states, including neighbors Arizona, Oregon and Washington, not to mention New York and Colorado, according to the latest count by the National Conference of State Legislatures.
Though home economics started in the early 1900s as a way to professionalize domestic labor, giving women opportunities outside the home while simultaneously uplifting the value of "women's work" in society, by the 1960s the field had become a feminist pariah. As Megan J. Elias writes in Stir It Up: Home Economics in American Culture, figures like Betty Friedan "rejected outright the idea that housework could be fulfilling and implicitly condemned all projects that offered to help women find satisfaction in traditional housewivery."
Detergent advertising has been stuck in one of the longest ruts in TV history. It all started after women spent World War II actively engaged in manufacturing and industrial work. When the male workforce came home, America suddenly had to figure out how to get a nation of Rosie the Riveters back off the payroll and into the kitchen. The twin forces of capitalism and advertising were immediately employed to convince women that household chores were just as appealing as saving America had been. The messaging seeped into commercials, both on television and in print, and applied to anything and everything home-related.
Deep down, men and women have more in common than they differ — like 22 out of 23 pairs of chromosomes. But there’s one thing men have more of: testosterone. Conservative commentator Andrew Sullivan recently argued that higher levels of testosterone underscore natural sexual differences. But when issues of gender identity, sexuality and personal choices are added to the mix, the question of expressing masculinities becomes even more complicated.
Libby Denkmann / KQED
Opening up combat jobs to women in the military is bringing a greater need for resources to treat the trauma and mental health challenges that echo after service. But the National Institutes of Health has found women veterans underutilize VA health care compared with men. It says many report delaying getting care, and that when they do receive treatment, it’s inadequate. Other women aren’t seeking help at all, according to the government researchers. A group of nonprofits is testing a new outreach program in Los Angeles County, dubbed Women Vets on Point, which aims to overcome the barriers keeping female veterans from connecting with services.