Public health experts trace the lack of clinical research on pregnant women to the tragedy of birth defects that resulted from prescribing of thalidomide during pregnancy. As a result, the FDA advocated for far tighter regulations when it came to the human testing of medicines, including vaccines. The resulting rules were the strictest when it came to testing on women — essentially blocking all women of "childbearing potential" from most U.S. clinical research trials.
Although a new law prohibits forcing women to sleep away from the home, many reasons prevent the law from having much effect. For one, a woman who reports a family member might be kicked out of the family with no way to support herself on her own. It's also tricky to prove someone was forced to sleep in a menstrual shed when many women do so out of societal pressure and their own fear of the consequences.
Demanding their "Right to Pray," Indian feminists in late 2015 began lobbying for women to be allowed into temples and mosques across the country. In 2016, Desai and other activists successfully gained entry to the Shani Shingnapur temple in the Indian state of Maharashtra, which had previously banned women of all ages. Temple trustees lifted the ban after a Bombay High Court ruling.