For a brief period in a life of outsize impact, Bochkareva was an international sensation: a hardened military veteran whose dedication to Russia’s continuing war efforts attracted the attention of Russian politicians, world leaders, journalists and prominent women’s rights activists. She met with President Woodrow Wilson, King George V of England and suffragists like Emmeline Pankhurst. Theodore Roosevelt gave her $1,000 of his Nobel Peace Prize money. But Bochkareva was on the losing side of history — supporting an unpopular war that ultimately led to her downfall.
Men’s sports have been committed consumers of analytics for years, particularly Major League Baseball and the N.B.A. Every franchise now employs people to make sense of the numbers it collects, or to blend them into new, more involved, more specific measurements. At the same time, fans increasingly have warmed to analytics as nuanced measurements of the value of a player or the strength of a team. Women’s sports leagues, however, have rarely had their own advanced analytics. The W.N.B.A. introduced statistics like effective field-goal percentage, defensive rating and true shooting percentage on its website two years ago, and while the National Women’s Soccer League has discussed the idea of making advanced statistics available, its website currently offers basic categories like goals, assists, shots and saves.