The outsized impact of opioids on women signals a much larger problem of poorer health and poorer access to care that make women more susceptible to addiction and, once addicted, more likely to die as a result. And what affects women affects families. In most American homes, women are the primary caregivers and their well-being usually determines the well-being and the future of our children. Evidence of this abounds in hospital neonatal units across the country, where the number of infants born with symptoms of opioid addiction increased five-fold from 2000 to 2012 — a trend that will exact a price in the form of higher medical costs and social burdens for decades to come.