GM dominated the rankings because it's currently the only company in the largest 20 in the United States that has a female CEO, CFO and an equal number of women and men on its board of directors. Also, GM is one of just two global businesses that have pay equality in top, middle and bottom "bands" as well as overall no gender pay gap across the company. The study also said GM offers flexible hours and flexible work locations as well as having policies to combat sexual violence at work and measures to improve supplier diversity.
One man wrote in response to my story: "Women make up only 27 percent of the auto industry and that is a good thing. Most women really don't know jack about a car. When was the last time you saw a women change out a camshaft in a classic car or truck? Does not happen often! As for the parts and service end of the business, 98 percent of women don't want to get their hands dirty and are concerned about breaking a fingernail or their makeup!"
L3 takes no guff from humans, even though she harbors a sweet spot for Lando. She knows she’s born to be a machine, but that definition of her is imposed by others, not harbored within her consciousness. Deep inside, she wants to be treated decently, just like any other thinking being. Instead, she’s viewed by strangers as little more than space junk. And, sadly, that resonates in 2018, when too many people are feeling emboldened to treat others as lesser-than, whether it's because of their gender, race, ethnicity or immigrant status.
In her two-plus years in the minors, she's been treated like one of the guys, save for a few amenities laid out for her in the dressing rooms. And yet, she isn't one of the guys. She is a reminder, a symbol, a proxy for anyone who's trying to break down a barrier. Even if she doesn’t think much about her long odds and her daily grind. "I heard all the stories about the ladies who came before me," she said. About the jokes and the harassment and the air of misogyny. Baseball, perhaps more than any other major sport, was an old boys' club. But something changed in the seven years since the last woman gave minor-league umpiring a shot. Whether pulled along by the larger cultural shifts or, as Pawol noted, by the game's own desire to become more hospitable, baseball changed.