"I think they are clear examples of female athletes taking agency and telling the sport, telling the public, telling business interests that their well-being is the most important thing, and that is really transformative," says Elizabeth Daniels, a psychology professor at the University of Colorado Colorado Springs who studies women's sexualization in sports.
Acts of sexual violence occur on a spectrum, experts say. A 2018 survey found 81% of women had experienced some form of sexual harassment during their lifetime, and research shows workplace sexual harassment is widespread. On one end may be a serial predator accused of rape, on the other a male boss making sexually suggestive comments. All behaviors along the continuum are harmful, and the amount of trauma someone feels isn't determined solely by where the violent act they experienced sits on a spectrum.